Envision Math 4th Grade Textbook Answer Key Topic 2.3 Using Mental Math to Add and Subtract

Using Mental Math to Add and Subtract

How can you use mental math to add and subtract?
Properties can sometimes help you add using mental math. How many years have Ms. Walston and Mr. Randall been teaching? What is the total number of years all of the teachers in the chart have been teaching?
Envision Math 4th Grade Answer Key Topic 2.3 Using Mental Math to Add and Subtract 1

Other Examples

Add using mental math.

Find 135 + 48.
Envision Math 4th Grade Answer Key Topic 2.3 Using Mental Math to Add and Subtract 2

Use breaking apart to find a ten.
Adding 5 to 135 is easy. Break apart 48.
Envision Math 4th Grade Answer Key Topic 2.3 Using Mental Math to Add and Subtract 3
135 + 5 = 140
140 + 43 = 183
So, 135 + 48 = 183.

Use compensation.
135 + 48
135 + 50 = 185
Think I added 2 too many,
so I will subtract 2.
185 – 2 = 183
So, 135 + 48 = 183.

Subtract using mental math.
Find 400 – 165.
Use counting on.
Envision Math 4th Grade Answer Key Topic 2.3 Using Mental Math to Add and Subtract 4
165 + 5 = 170
170 + 30 = 200
200 + 200 = 400
5 + 30 + 200 = 235
So, 400 -165 = 235.
Use compensation.

Find 260 – 17.
It is easy to subtract 20.
260 – 20 = 240
Think I subtracted 3 too many,
so I will add 3.
240 + 3 = 243
So, 260 – 17 = 243.

Commutative Property of Addition
You can add two numbers in any order.
Envision Math 4th Grade Answer Key Topic 2.3 Using Mental Math to Add and Subtract 8

Ms. Walston and Mr. Randall have been teaching a combined total of 42 years.

Associative Property of Addition

You can change the grouping of addends.
Envision Math Grade 4 Answer Key Topic 2.3 Using Mental Math to Add and Subtract 9
The total number of years the three teachers have been teaching is 47 years.

Identity Property of Addition

Adding zero does not change the number.
12 + 0 = 12

Guided Practice*

Do You Know how?

In 1 through 6, use mental math to add or subtract.

Question 1.
86 + 25
Answer:

Question 2.
497 + 0
Answer:

Question 3.
566 – 359
Answer:

Question 4.
169 – 48
Answer:

Question 5.
239 + 509
Answer:

Question 6.
(40 + 5) + 8
Answer:

Do You Understand?

Question 7.
How could you use compensation to find 391 – 26?
Answer:

Question 8.
Writing to Explain Explain how you used mental math to find the answer to Exercise 4.

Independent Practice

Leveled Practice In 9 through 18, use mental math to complete the calculation.

Question 9.
400 – 227
Envision Math Grade 4 Answer Key Topic 2.3 Using Mental Math to Add and Subtract 10
Answer:

Question 10.
500 – 89
Envision Math Grade 4 Answer Key Topic 2.3 Using Mental Math to Add and Subtract 11
Answer:

Question 11.
906 – 289
Envision Math Grade 4 Answer Key Topic 2.3 Using Mental Math to Add and Subtract 12
Answer:

Question 12.
7,000 + 2,130
Envision Math Grade 4 Answer Key Topic 2.3 Using Mental Math to Add and Subtract 13
Answer:

Question 13.
583 + 317
Envision Math 4th Grade Textbook Answers Topic 2.3 Using Mental Math to Add and Subtract 14
Answer:

Question 14.
125 + 28
Envision Math 4th Grade Textbook Answers Topic 2.3 Using Mental Math to Add and Subtract 15
Answer:

Question 15.
1,700 – 315
Answer:

Question 16.
2,000 + 4,996
Answer:

Question 17.
438 – 129
Answer:

Question 18.
0 + 284
Answer:

Problem Solving

Envision Math 4th Grade Textbook Answers Topic 2.3 Using Mental Math to Add and Subtract 15.1

For 19 through 21 , use the table to the right.

Question 19.
Which state has the greatest land area in square miles?
Answer:

Question 20.
Which two states shown in the table have the smallest difference in land area?
Answer:

Question 21.
Which two states shown in the table have the greatest difference in land area?
Answer:

Question 22.
Colin had 148 CDs in his collection. He traded 32 of them for 23 that he really wanted. How many CDs does Colin now have in his collection? Use mental math.
A. 106 CDs
B. 108 CDs
C. 116 CDs
D. 139 CDs
Answer:

Question 23.
Ms. Gomez’s class collected pencils for the community school supplies drive. Ethan’s group brought in 143 pencils and Marcelina’s group added 78 more. How many pencils did the groups contribute altogether?
A. 184 pencils
B. 204 pencils
C. 221 pencils
D. 245 pencils
Answer:

Question 24.
Number Sense Is 881 – 262 more or less than 500? Explain how you can tell using mental math.
Answer:

Question 25.
Writing to Explain How can you use mental math to subtract 158 – 29?
Answer:

Question 26.
An adult human body has a total of 206 bones. There are 300 bones in a child’s body because some of a child’s bones fuse together as a child grows. How many more bones are in a child’s body than in an adult’s body?
Envision Math 4th Grade Textbook Answers Topic 2.3 Using Mental Math to Add and Subtract 50
Envision Math 4th Grade Textbook Answers Topic 2.3 Using Mental Math to Add and Subtract 51
Answer:

Question 27.
Number Sense Write two numbers that have a 6 in the ones place and an 8 in the hundreds place.
Answer:

Algebra Connections

Solving Number Sentences with Addition and Subtraction

A number sentence uses the equal sign (=) to show that two expressions have the same value. Fill in the box in each number sentence with the whole number that makes the number sentence true. Check your answers.

Example:
Envision Math 4th Grade Textbook Answers Topic 2.3 Using Mental Math to Add and Subtract 56

Think What number plus 8 equals 35?
When solving an addition number sentence, use subtraction to identify the missing number.
Think What is 35 minus 8?
Subtract 8 from 35.
35 – 8 = 27
Now, add 8 and 27.
8 + 27 = 35

Copy and complete each number sentence.

Question 1.
7 + Envision Math 4th Grade Textbook Answer Key Topic 2.3 Using Mental Math to Add and Subtract 60 = 31
Answer:

Question 2.
Envision Math 4th Grade Textbook Answer Key Topic 2.3 Using Mental Math to Add and Subtract 60 + 6 = 21
Answer:

Question 3.
26 – Envision Math 4th Grade Textbook Answer Key Topic 2.3 Using Mental Math to Add and Subtract 60 = 25
Answer:

Question 4.
56 – Envision Math 4th Grade Textbook Answer Key Topic 2.3 Using Mental Math to Add and Subtract 60 = 38
Answer:

Question 5.
Envision Math 4th Grade Textbook Answer Key Topic 2.3 Using Mental Math to Add and Subtract 60 – 47 = 12
Answer:

Question 6.
66 + Envision Math 4th Grade Textbook Answer Key Topic 2.3 Using Mental Math to Add and Subtract 60 = 85
Answer:

Question 7.
Envision Math 4th Grade Textbook Answer Key Topic 2.3 Using Mental Math to Add and Subtract 60 – 98 = 1
Answer:

Question 8.
103 – Envision Math 4th Grade Textbook Answer Key Topic 2.3 Using Mental Math to Add and Subtract 60 = 72
Answer:

Question 9.
10 + Envision Math 4th Grade Textbook Answer Key Topic 2.3 Using Mental Math to Add and Subtract 60 = 13
Answer:

Question 10.
Envision Math 4th Grade Textbook Answer Key Topic 2.3 Using Mental Math to Add and Subtract 60 – 8 = 12
Answer:

Question 11.
1 + Envision Math 4th Grade Textbook Answer Key Topic 2.3 Using Mental Math to Add and Subtract 60 = 7
Answer:

Question 12.
744 – Envision Math 4th Grade Textbook Answer Key Topic 2.3 Using Mental Math to Add and Subtract 60 = 327
Answer:

For 13 through 16, copy and complete the number sentence below each problem. Use it to help explain your answer.

Question 13.
Cheryl made 8 free-throw shots. She shot a total of 10 free-throw shots. How many free-throw shots did she miss?
8 + Envision Math 4th Grade Textbook Answer Key Topic 2.3 Using Mental Math to Add and Subtract 60 = 10

Question 14.
7 rabbits less than a certain number of rabbits is 13 rabbits. What is the value of the variable?
Envision Math 4th Grade Textbook Answer Key Topic 2.3 Using Mental Math to Add and Subtract 60 – 7 = 13
Answer:

Question 15.
George delivered 118 newspapers in two days. He delivered 57 newspapers the first day. How many newspapers did George deliver the second day?
57 + Envision Math 4th Grade Textbook Answer Key Topic 2.3 Using Mental Math to Add and Subtract 60 = 118
Answer:

Question 16.
The cost of an apple is 39¢. Robert had 25¢ in his pocket. How much more money did Robert need to purchase the apple?
25 + Envision Math 4th Grade Textbook Answer Key Topic 2.3 Using Mental Math to Add and Subtract 60 = 39
Answer:

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