Nationalism – An Interview Summary Notes

Nationalism – An Interview About the Author

Bertrand Arthur William Russell (1877-1970) was a British Mathematician, Philosopher, Logician, Historian, Essayist, Social Critic, Political Activist and Nobel Laureate. He had strong scientific temper which didn’t allow him to accept anything without examination. He considered himself a liberal socialist and a pacifist.

‘Nationalism – an interview’ is one of the excerpts of interviews of Bertrand Russell, conducted by Woodrow Wyatt for British Television in 1959. The discussion covers the nature and purpose of philosophy, religion, war and pacifism, communism and capitalism, ethics and morality, personal and economic power, happiness, nationalism* individualism, fanaticism and tolerance.

Nationalism – An Interview Summary

Whenever Bertrand Russell spoke his mind (it had been often) he created a stir in the intellectual and strangely enough in the non – intellectual world as well the present extract will prove to be no exception though perhaps all of what he said here has appeared in one form or the other in his past writing. The extract consists of dialogues between Mr. Woodrow Wyatt and Mr. Russell that was filmed for British Television in 1959. The dialogues are in the form of questions and the subject is Nationalism.

The outstanding wisdom of Bertrand Russell is evident by the intelligent answers he gives Mr. Wyatt’s questions.

Mr. Wyatt asks Mr. Russell in the thought that nationalism is for good or bad. Bertrand Russell distinguishes between the two aspects of nationalism, the cultural and the political. While Lord Russell feels that it is sad that the modem world is culturally uniform.

This extraordinary uniformity of culture made travelling or tourism hardly worth doing. Russell tries to make his point by referring to the expensive hotels that he had stayed as a guest all over the world. He felt that all the hotels appeared the same. There was no implication of cultural diversity in their design, hospitality etc. Each hotel was a replica of the other all over the world and this made travelling a boring task.

Next Woodrow Wyatt asks Bertrand Russell what he thinks were the ‘Main Purposes’ of the organization of a national state. Bertrand Russell explains that he thinks that the main purposes, as deemed by a state itself is ‘defense’ of the country while all the other states call such a stand of one country as ‘aggression’ (to go to war with other countries to defend their own nation). In his opinion ‘defense’ and ‘aggression’ is the same phenomenon. Each nation calls it with different names. The nation with is attacked, calls it an ‘aggression’ and the one which attacks calls it ‘defense ‘.

To him ‘state’ is primarily an organization for killing foreigners. He recalls his childhood days when they were required to sing a verse in the national anthem, ‘Confound their knavish tricks, frustrate their politics and make them fall’. He says that they used to sing it with great enthusiasm (USA) but lately that verse was not sung often.

He emphasizes how a person is taught from his childhood’ ‘What a grand thing it is to kill foreigners’. Wyatt asks him if the Nation Anthem was similar to the British Army anthem ‘Rule Britannia’. Dr. Russell admits that they sang ‘Rule Britannia’ also during his school days.

But now that Britannia (Britain) no longer rules over its colonies. He makes a witty comment saying that it cannot be said ‘Rule the United States, the United States rule the waves’ because it would be absurd. So they stopped singing the Nation Anthem In the next question of the interview Wyatt asks Russell what he means by saying Nationalism is harmful.

Russell explains that he disagrees with how Nationalism is inculcated (fix an idea in some one’s mind by constantly repeating) and everything that one’s own country does is vehemently agreed as right in everything. In his own view, Russell thinks that it is not right to view other nations in that way.

To prove his point that every country thinks it is the only supreme country, he refers to his own book on Nationalism in which he had written, ‘There is of course one nation which has all the supreme virtues that every nation arrogates to itself that one is the one to which my reader belongs’. After reading the book and the above mentioned quote, a native of Poland, had written to Mr. Russell saying that he (Poland native) was so glad that Dr. Russell had recognized the superiority of Poland.

That was when Mr. Wyatt, the interviewer asked him if he could give more such examples. Dr. Russell narrates another instance of a very charming young lady at a meeting of the United Nations, who had a passion for cycling. Her native country was Ecuador.

Once when she was cycling down a steep hill her bicycle ran away with her down the steep slope of road and she might easily have been killed. But when Dr. Russell’s friend Gilbert Murray asked her if she wasn’t frightened for her life. She had proudly answered that she reminded herself that that she was an Ecuadorian and that Ecuadorians are not frightened of anything.

The interviewer Mr. Wyatt asks Dr. Russell, ‘Why do people want to be divided into national states?

Dr. Russell says that it is because of their emotional set up which sometimes we love and sometime hate. But we love our compatriots and hate foreigners but we tend to be hypocritical because we love our compatriots only when we are thinking of foreigners whom we hate. But as soon as we forget about the foreigners we tend to love our compatriots less than usual.

Mr. Wyatt counters Dr. Russell by asking him what he would do about such a situation. Mr. Wyatt points out to Dr. Russell that he had said that a certain amount of nationalism is agreeable and right, but Wyatt questions Dr. Russell, how he will ensure that it (nationalism) doesn’t go too far.

Dr. Russell agrees that he doesn’t think that one can ensure nationalism going to the extremes, but it can be generally said that if men have to survive, armies, navies and air forces should not be national but international.

When defense forces go global it does not matter even if one thinks ill of some other country provided the aggressive country is not strong enough to face the international defense force. He implies that nationalism is not good as we shall then be too ready to cut our neighbors throat.

Mr. Wyatt takes the interview to another level. It is about loyalty and pride the people of a country feel towards their country. Mr. Wyatt tells Dr. Russell that he is now trying to make a point by asking that if ‘sometimes you feel you’re doing a thing for your country say like climbing Mount Everest or developing some machine to fly to outer space, you may be inspired to do it more vigorously and effectively than if you think you’re doing it on kind of vague global basis’.

Dr. Russell agrees with Mr. Wyatt. He admits that it is a fact that people want a rather narrower stimulus (encouragement). He thinks that there are numerous other ways of encouraging people to be interested arid enthusiastic in activities concerned with the pride of one’s nation.

Dr. Russell implies that not only the country encourages such activities such as the Everest expedition but almost always some institute or a group of wealthy people. Such activities may be conducted for their own honour and also for the sake of country’s pride.

Wyatt then asks Dr. Russell whether he thinks that people should have some kind of enmity (rivalry) and competitiveness among nations which is a good way to ensure peoples enthusiasm to work for the good of their own country.

Dr. Russell replies that he doesn’t abhor competition and emulation which doesn’t involve violence and killing. He feels that competition and emulation is good. According to him if one country builds a magnificent town hall and another country emulates it, it is a good sort of competition.

Furthering the interview Mr. Wyatt asks Dr. Russell’s opinion as to how to run an orderly nation particularly in times of danger, crisis and tension, if people do not believe in the proposition ‘My country right or wrong’. To prevent such situations Dr. Russell advocates an International Army i.e., International armed force but not a national armed force.

If the whole world is defended by an international defense force such above mentioned situations would not arise because there is no nationalism involved for a country to be aggressive enough to invade another country. Thus there also would not be a necessity for a national armed force.

Mr. Wyatt points out that a necessity for a national armed force would arise occasionally, in the present age.

Dr. Russell agrees that when such moments arise there is a necessity to inculcate people to think it is good to resist aggression (defend one’s nation against external aggression) but it is not quite right to commit aggression by invading other nation.

Hence if every nation abstains from being aggressive their won’t be an opportunity for another country to resist aggression by defending their own nation Dr. Russell insists that it is right for one nation to resist aggression by another nation to defend itself.

Next Mr. Wyatt tells Dr. Russell that he doesn’t understand how one can control extreme nationalistic feeling after having aroused such feelings for other worthy causes. He asks Dr. Russell how such nationalistic felling can be controlled before people go over the limit.

Dr. Russell has a quick answer for it. According to Dr. Russell such situation can be kept within bounds by unifying governments. To make himself understood he cities the instance of England and Scotland which were invading each other for centuries to assert their superiority.

Both the Scots and the British people believed that it was proper to hate each other but after the death of Queen Elizabeth I who did not leave an heir, King James VI of Scotland inherited the English crown.

This brought the two countries together under one monarch. Later in 1707, The ‘Act of Union’, brought the English and Scottish parliaments together and thus Great Britain was created. A dynastic accident unified the two warring nations.

Next Mr. Wyatt asks Dr. Russell if it is right to think that Racial Prejudice is connected with Nationalism Dr. Russell admits that racial prejudice and nationalism are indeed inter- connected but only when there is racial difference between two neighboring nations.

Racial prejudice intensifies the nationalism of both the countries. Dr. Russell insists that racial prejudice is something different from nationalism but racial prejudice can get easily associated with nationalism.

Next Mr. Wyatt points out to Dr. Russell that everybody knows that there is a strong racial prejudice among Americans and Europeans. Heasks Dr. Russell if the thinks that Asians and Africans also suffer from Racial Prejudice.

Dr. Russell positively says that Racial Prejudice is not any less among Asians and Africans Moreover the concept of Racism is new to them and so they suffer more at the present. He thinks that nationalistic feelings among them is more fierce because they are newly awakened to it. He strongly feels that such a feeling among them is dangerous.

Mr. Wyatt then asks Mr. Russell if Racism and nationalism are an inevitable pattern Dr. Russell disagrees and says that nationalism does not always lead to racism. He points to India as an example. In India, nationalism and racism do not always happen. He thinks that there are no instances of racism in independent India.

Next Mr. Wyatt questions Dr. Russell why he things nationalism seems to be spreading like viral fever at the present than it has ever been before. Russell says that it is because of education which has proved to be harmful he feels that it would have been better if people were still uneducated and not easily influenced by the propaganda spread by the state. The state encourages nationalism and prepares their citizens to commit murder.

Next Mr. Wyatt asks Dr. Russell if nationalism is even a greater danger than communism. Dr. Russell doesn’t think that nationalism is even greater than the East- West conflict especially between American and Russia. But he thinks that if the tension between them ceases then Nationalism would become a threat to Mankind more than Communism. That is the greatest threat to world peace.

Finally Mr. Wyatt asks Dr. Russell if there is any solution to the problem of nationalism other than extra- planetary invasion from Mars. Dr. Russell enthusiastically answers that an attack by Martians would certainly stop Nationalism at once and such a threatening situation will give rise to Planetary Nationalism on our earth against the other planets.

Dr. Russell is rather ironical when he says that then we can teach our children in schools how much more our planet has always been, than the inhabitants of Mars. And of course we don’t yet know if Mars is inhabitated but we can claim that if it were inhabitated, Martians are evil. He admits that it (attack by Martians) may not happen anytime in the future. He hopes that people will think of some positive goals such as promoting the welfare of their Nation and other nations rather then the above mentioned goals such as nationalism, racial prejudice, aggression etc. which only lead to war and violence between countries.

Nationalism – An Interview Glossary

  • Nationalism : Identification with one’s own nation and support for its interests, especially exclusion of the interest of other nations.
  • Knavish : Roguish
  • Rule Britannia : a patriotic song, sung by the British army.
  • Compatriot : a fellow country – man
  • Emulation : trying to follow a good example
  • Communism : Social system based on common ownership of property / means of production.
  • Planetary : Strange or alien looking / any of the heavenly bodies moving round the sun.

Nationalism – An Interview Questions And Answers

I. Short Answer Questions

Question 1.
What is the main purpose of a nation state?
Answer:
The main purpose of a nation state is ‘defense’ of itself against ‘agression’ by other states.

Question 2.
Self defense in organization of a national state is to _______.
a) Protect others
b) Kill others
c) Being neutral
d) None of the above
Answer:
b) Kill others

Question 3.
How are defense and aggression two sides of the same coin?
Answer:
One nation calls it ‘defense’ and the other nation calls it ‘agression’. It is the same phenomenon, only it has different names from the two involved nations.

Question 4.
Russell says “Rule the neutral state, the United States rule the _______ ”
Answer:
Waves.

Question 5.
Where did the young lady come from?
Answer:
Ecuador.

Question 6.
What is our attitude towards foreigners and compatriots?
Answer:
We love our compatriots and we hate foreigners. Of course we love our compatriots only when we’re thinking of foreigners. When we’ve forgotten foreigners we don’t love them so much.

Question 7.
Russell agrees to some sort of rivalry and stimulus in a competitive way in nationalism (True / False).
Answer:
True.

II. Paragraph Answer Questions

Question 1.
What is the first question by Wyatt to Russell and what is the reply?
Answer:
The first question by Wyatt to Russell ws, “Do you think that nationalism is good or a bad thing’?

In his answer, Dr. Russel distinguishes between the two aspects of nationalism the cultural and the political. While Lord Russell feels that it is sad that the modem world is culturally uniform.

This extraordinary uniformity of culture made travelling or tourism hardly worth doing. Russell tries to make his point by referring to the expensive hotels that he had stayed as a guest all over the world. He felt that all the hotels appeared the same. There was no implication of cultural diversity in their design, hospitality etc. Each hotel was a replica of the other all over the world and this made travelling a boring task.

Next Woodrow Wyatt asks Bertrand Russell what he thinks were the ‘Main Purposes’ of the organization of a national state.

Question 2.
Why does Russell call defense of a state “killing foreigners”?
Answer:
Bertrand Russell explains that he thinks that the main purposes, as deemed by a state itself is ‘defense’ of the country while all the other states call such a stand of one country as aggression (to go to war with other countries to defend their own nation). In his opinion ‘defense’ and ‘aggression’ is the same phenomenon. Each nation calls it with different names. The nation with is attacked, calls it an ‘aggression’ and the one which attacks calls it ‘defense ‘. To him ‘sthte’ is primarily an organization for killing foreigners.

Question 3.
In what sense does Russell use the line ‘Rule the United States, the United States rule the waves?’ Explain.
Answer:
He recalls his childhood days when they were required to sing a verse in the national anthem, ‘Confound their knavish tricks, frustrate their politics and make them fall’. He says that they used to sing it with great enthusiasm (USA) but lately that verse was not sung often. He emphasizes how a person is taught from his childhood’ ‘what a grand thing it is to kill foreigners’.

Question 4.
What illustration does Russell give to show that nationalism is harmful?
Answer:
To prove his point that every country thinks it is the only supreme country, he refers to his own book on Nationalism in which he had written, ‘There is of course one nation which has all the supreme virtues that every nation arrogates to itself that one is the one to which my reader belongs’.

After reading the book and the above mentioned quote, a native of Poland, had written to Mr. Russell saying that he (Poland native) was so glad that Dr. Russell had recognized the superiority ofPoland.

Question 5.
Does Russell agree that certain amount of nationalism is desirable? Explain.
Answer:
Yes, Lord Russell agrees that certain amount of nationalism is desirable. Nationalism is a part of our emotional apparatus. We are liable to both love and hate and we like to exercise them. We love our nation and hat eother nations. Nationalism stimulates the people of a nation to work for the good of their our country. Nationalism creates competition and emulation between nations which helps in the progress of a nation.

Question 6.
Racial prejudice is one of the reasons to distrust foreigners. Discuss.
Answer:
Yes, Racial Prejuidice is one of the reasons to disrust foreigners. Everybody knows that there is a strong racial prejuide among American sand Europeans. The American’s distrust the Africans and Europe fought two world wars in the name of Aryan supremacy. England and Scotland fought many wars for centuries due to racial prejudice. Racial prejuice exists even among Asians and Indians. The countries of Asia and India gained Independence from colonists recently and Racicial prejudice is new to them but they suffer more at the present, and such a thing is very dangerous. Moreover racial prejudice intensifies nationalistic feelings.

Question 7.
What does Russell say about India?
Answer:
Lord Russell thinks that Racial prejudice, expectionally doesn’t always happen in India. He also agree’s that India has not indulged in Racial Prejudice since it became independent ofBritish rule, while many other newly independent countries are prone to racial prejudice.

Question 8.
What suggestions does Russell give to solve the problem of nationalism?
Answer:
In order to solve the problem of Nationalism Lord Russell suggests that there ought to be only one armed force, which should be international and not national. In that case the dangers of nationalism wouldn’t arise, because there would be no opportunity for national aggression, and therefore no need for national defense.

He feels that people should understand that it’s quite proper to resist aggression and improper to commit aggression. He hopes that people will get positive aims – aims of promoting the welfare of their own and other countries rather than negative aims of strife.

III. Essay Answer Questions

Question 1.
‘Is Nationalism’ good or bad, according to Russell? Discuss?
Answer:
According to Lord Russell Nationalism in the present age is rather perverted. He distinguishes between the two aspects of nationalism, the cultural and the political. While he advocates the former he considers the other as unmitigated evil To him the state is primarily an organisation for killing foreigners, the state has also the power of propaganda, there is propaganda control over education with an idea to make people think what the state thinks and that primarily consists in loving one’s own nation and thinking iltof other nations, in inculcating the view that one’s own country is always right in everything whereas other countries are always wrong.

Lord Russell even recalls a verse that he made to learn at school as a child – “Confound their Knavish tricks, frustrate their politics and make them fall and emphasises how a person is taught from his very childhood what a grand thing it is to kill foreigners. Too much of nationalism is not good, as we shall then be al too ready to cut our neighbours throats. However, one wonders it at the moment nationalism poses a very great problem while rations have drawn apart on account of ideological differences, they have also come together by virtue of ideological commonness.

So much so that possibly today an average American hates a leftist compatriot more than he hates a fellow Canadian, whom in fact he does not hate at all. The countries which are intensely nationalistic, like those newly independent nations in Africa are so tiny that when disturbances arise in them, what finally merges is the struggle between the two power blocks, America and Russia. Mr. Russel admits that it is the tension between the communist and the non – communist nations that is the greatest threat to world peace and it is to these considerations that he turns to the idea of a common world army that will ensure peace in the world.

Question 2.
In what way is nationalism harmful in the present scenario? Substantiate your idea on the basis of the text.
Answer:
In the present sceneario nationalism seems to be so much more virulent today than it even has been before. Both African and Asi9an nationalism are, at the moment, more fierce than any that exist among europeans, because they’re just awakened to it. This is a very, very great danger. Nationalism and racial prejudice easily get associated. But in the expectional case of independent India there is no evidence of such sort of vice which is evident in most other newly independent nations.

Due to education a great majority learn to read and write and can be easily influeneced by propaganda. Propaganda is controlled by the nation state and is what the state likes, and it prepares its citizens to be ready to kill foreigners when the state orders them to do. Nationalism is one of the worst thing there was in the world. It is an even greater than the peaceful extension of communism. Nationalism is a greatest threat to world peace.

Question 3.
‘Nationalist are the liberal conservists’. Do you agree with this? Discuss.
Answer:
Yes, I agree that Nationalists are liberal conservists.

Liberal consevatism is a political ideology combining conservative policies with liberal stances, especially on economic, social and ethical issues, or a brand of political consevatism strongly influenced by liberalism. The term liberal conservatism was put forth by the Irish politician Edwand Burke.

Liberal consevatismpromots cautions outlook on the notion of progress. The central idea of liberal consevatism is slow and Cautious cations progress, maintaining successful solutions and tranditions from the past and upholding the valve of established, traditions institutions.

Question 4.
In what way does Russell say that racial prejudice is connected to nationalism? Elaborate.
Answer:
Dr. Russell admits that racial prejudice and nationalism are indeed inter- connected but only when there is racial difference between two neighboring nations. Racial prejudice intensifies the nationalism of both the countries. Dr. Russell insists that racial prejudice is something different from nationalism but racial prejudice can get easily associated with nationalism

Dr. Russell positively says that Racial Prejudice is not any less among Asians and Africans Moreover the concept of Racism is new to them and so they suffer more at the present. He thinks that nationalistic feelings among them is more fierce because they are newly awakened to it. He strongly feels that such a feeling among them is dangerous.

Dr. Russell disagrees and says that nationalism does not always lead to racism. He points to India as an example. In India, nationalism and racism do not always happen. He thinks that there are no instances of racism in independent India.

Question 5.
In what sense is nationalism more dangerous than communism? Comment.
Answer:
Dr. Russell doesn’t think that nationalism is even greater than the East – West conflict especially between American and Russia. But he thinks that if the tension between them ceases then Nationalism would become a threat to mankind more than Cbmmunism. That is the greatest threat to world peace.

Dr. Russell agrees that when such moments arise there is a necessity to inculcate people to think it is good to resist aggression (defend one’s nation against external aggression) but it is not quite right to commit aggression by invading other nation. Hence if every nation abstains from being aggressive their won’t be an opportunity for another country to resist aggression by defending their own nation Dr. Russell insists that it is right for one nation to resist aggression by another nation to defend itself.

Next Mr. Wyatt tells Dr. Russell that he doesn’t understand how one can control extreme nationalistic feeling after having aroused such feelings for other worthy causes. He asks Dr. Russell how such nationalistic felling can be controlled before people go over the limit.

Dr. Russell has a quick answer for it. According to Dr. Russell such situation can be kept within bounds by unifying governments. To make himself understood he cities the instance of England and Scotland which were invading each other for centuries to assert their superiority. Both the Scots and the British people believed that it was proper to hate each other but after the death of Queen Elizabeth I who did not leave an heir, King James VI of Scotland inherited the English crown.

This brought the two countries together under one monarch. Later in 1707, The ‘Act of Union’, brought the English and Scottish parliaments together and thus Great Britain was created. A dynastic accident unified the two warring nations.

Next Mr. Wyatt asks Dr. Russell if it is right to think that Racial Prejudice is connected with Nationalism Dr. Russell admits that racial prejudice and nationalism are indeed inter- connected but only when there is racial difference between two neighboring nations. Racial prejudice intensifies the nationalism of both the countries. Dr. Russell insists that racial prejudice is something different from nationalism but racial prejudice can get easily associated with nationalism.

Nationalism – An Interview Language Activity

Exercise :

Based on the given data, prepare interviews for the celebrities mentioned. (Set a Question each on personal life, passion for the field, achievements, recognition and message along with corresponding answer)

Question 1.
Sachin Tendulkar
Bom in 1973 at Mumbai.

  • Father : Ramesh Tendulkar, Poet, Prof. Of Marathi.
  • Mother : Rajani, working in LIC snd 2 brothers and 1 sister Stepped into Test circket in 1989 at a very young age of 16 years / played till 2013. Passionate about cricket; not bad in academics. Cricket guru – Ramakant Achrekar
  • Played : Test cricket / ODI’s etc. Highest number of centuries /100 International hundreds Highest number of total runs in Test cricket
  • Wife : Dr.Anjali
  • Children : Sara, Daughter / Arjun, Son
  • Awards : Bharata Ratna, Aijuna etc.

Interview Questions :

  1. You are a personality, known intimately all over the world, but just forthe sake ofit, can you share your personal details with us?
  2. We know that you were passionate about cricket ever since you were a toddler. Who nurtured your passion?
  3. How was your school life?
  4. Who was your cricket guru?
  5. How many tests and Odi’s did you play in your career as a cricketer?
  6. Can you tell us about the highest number of centuries you have scored in your entire career?
  7. What about International centuries?
  8. Can you give a brief introduction of your immediate family for our audience.

Question 2.
Swami Sudheshwarananda
Bom in 1970 at Kadur, a small town in a conservative family.

  • Education : Schooling at Kadur/PUC inBangalore, B. Tech & M. Tech, from IIT, Chennai in Chemical Engg.
    Worked : in industries for a few years. Inclined to spirituality from childhood.
  • Read Swami Vivekananda, Ramakrishna Paramahamsa, Swami Ramana and others and got inspired. Gave up job, pursued his spiritual and mystical interest. Went to the Himalayas in search of a spiritual Gum. Got him. Did meditation for 5 years. Studied The Upanishads, The Gita, The Bible, The Koran, Taoism, Zen philosophy etc.
  • Returned to Bangalore to establish an ashram – for spreading spirituality, social service and guiding the younger generation.

Interview Questions :

  1. Swamiji, you are a well known religious leader in Malenadu region, who don’t need any introduction about you. But can you introduce yourself to people in other regions of Karnataka?
  2. It is quite surprising that a chemical engineer as yourself has renounced material life to become of Sanyasi. Can you tell us why you took up Sanyasa?
  3. Tell us about your pusuit of God.
  4. Can you tell us why you established an ashram?

Question 3.
Vidwan Anandaram

  • Flute Player – Flautist.
  • Bom in 1979, Bengaluru – in a family of musicians
  • Father : Ramaswamy- a vocalist, Mother – Sundaramma – a veena player
  • Formal Education : BE in Electronics from NIE, Mysore Working in an electronic company
  • Musical Training – initially from the parents – developed interest in playing the flute, learnt under Vid. Raman / Also interested in Uttaradi Music.
  • Now runs an evening music school to train students.
  • Music concerts – both in India and Abroad. has given lecture – cum – demos in schools and colleges.
  • Awards : Ananya Yuva Award, Year’s Best Musician’s award etc.

Interview Questions :

  1. You were born in a family of musicians, and yet you also chose to be a musician? Could you elaborate?
  2. Why did you choose to be a flautist?
  3. Please tell us about your initial training?
  4. Being a professional electronics engineer, did you find it difficult to manage both your career and your music?
  5. The interest in classical music is declining, can you elaborate on your efforts to keep Indian classical music alive?
  6. As a career musician you have won many awards, could you elaborate on them?

English Summary

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