## Envision Math 4th Grade Textbook Answer Key Topic 1.3 Comparing and Ordering Whole Numbers

**Comparing and Ordering Whole Numbers**

How do you compare numbers?

Earth is not perfectly round. The North Pole is 6,356 kilometers from Earth’s center. The equator is 6,378 kilometers from the center. Which is closer to the Earth’s center: the North Pole or the equator?

**Another Example**

How do you order numbers?

The areas of 3 continents on Earth are shown in the table at the right. Which shows the areas in order from least to greatest?

A. 9,450,000; 4,010,000; 6,890,000

B. 4,010,000; 9,450,000; 6,890,000

C. 6,890,000; 9,450,000; 4,010,000

D. 4,010,000; 6,890,000; 9,450,000

Step 1

Plot the numbers on a number line.

Step 2

Order the numbers. On a number line, numbers to the right are greater.

Reading from left to right, 4,010,000; 6,890,000; 9,450,000.

The correct choice is D.

**Explain It**

Question 1.

Describe how you would order the continents’ areas using place value.

Answer:

Question 2.

Reasonableness How can you rule out choices A and C as the correct answer?

Answer:

Step 1

Use place value to compare numbers.

Write the numbers, lining up places. Begin at the left and compare.

6,356

6,378

The thousands digit is the same in both numbers.

Step 2

Look at the next digit.

6,356

6,378

The hundreds digit also is the same in both numbers.

Step 3

The first place where the digits are different is the tens place. Compare.

The symbol > means is greater than,

and the symbol < means is less than.

The North Pole is closer to Earth’s center than the equator.

**Guided Practice***

Do you know HOW?

In 1 through 4, copy and complete by writing > or < for each .

Question 1.

2,643 2,801

Answer:

Question 2.

6,519 6,582

Answer:

Question 3.

785 731

Answer:

Question 4.

6,703 6,699

Answer:

In 5 and 6, order the numbers from least to greatest.

Question 5.

7,502 6,793 6,723

Answer:

Question 6.

80,371 15,048 80,137

Answer:

Question 7.

Writing to Explain Why would you look at the hundreds place to order these numbers? 32,463 32,482 32,947 Answer:

Question 8.

Compare the area of Europe and South America. Which is greater?

Answer:

**Independent Pracice**

In 9 through 16, copy and complete by writing > or < for each .

Question 9.

221,495 210,388

Answer:

Question 10.

52,744 56,704

Answer:

Question 11.

138,752 133,122

Answer:

Question 12.

4,937 4,939

Answer:

Question 13.

22,873 22,774

Answer:

Question 14.

1,912,706 1,913,898

Answer:

Question 15.

412,632 412,362

Answer:

Question 16.

999,999,999 9,990,999

Answer:

**Independent Practice**

Leveled Practice In 17 through 20, copy and complete the number lines. Then use the number lines to order the numbers from greatest to least.

Question 17.

27,505 26,905 26,950

Answer:

Question 18.

3,422,100 3,422,700 3,422,000

Answer:

Question 19.

7,502 7,622 7,523 7,852

Answer:

Question 20.

3,030 3,033 3,003

Answer:

In 21 through 28, write the numbers in order from least to greatest.

Question 21.

57,535 576,945 506,495

Answer:

Question 22.

18,764 18,761 13,490

Answer:

Question 23.

25,988 25,978 25,998

Answer:

Question 24.

87,837 37,838 878,393

Answer:

Question 25.

43,783 434,282 64,382

Answer:

Question 26.

723,433 72,324 72,432

Answer:

Question 27.

58,028 85,843 77,893

Answer:

Question 28.

274,849,551 283,940,039 23,485,903

Answer:

**Problem Solving**

Question 29.

Estimation Aaron added 57 and 20 and said the answer is greater than 100. Is Aaron correct?

Answer:

Question 30.

Number Sense Write three numbers that are greater than 780,000 but less than 781,000.

Answer:

Question 31.

Reasoning Could you use only the millions period to order 462,409,524, 463,409,524, and 463,562,391?

Answer:

Question 32.

Describe how to compare 7,463, 74,633, and 74,366 from least to greatest.

Answer:

Question 33.

The heaviest snake living in captivity is a Burmese Python named “Baby.” An average Anaconda snake weighs 330 pounds. Which snake weighs more?

Answer:

Question 34.

Which list of numbers is in order from least to greatest?

A. 1,534 1,576 1,563

B. 18,732 18,723 18,765

C. 234,564 234,568 234,323

D. 383,847 383,848 383,849

Answer:

Question 35.

Asia and Africa are the two largest continents on Earth. Which continent is larger?

Answer:

Question 36.

The chart below shows the number of game cards owned by the top collectors in one school. Which student had the most cards?

A. Shani

B. Lin

C. Ariel

D. Jorgé

Answer:

Question 37.

The Atlantic Ocean has an area of 33,420,000 square miles. This area is between which numbers?

A. 33,400,000 and 33,440,000

B. 33,000,000 and 33,040,000

C. 33,100,000 and 33,419,000

D. 33,430,000 and 33,500,000

Answer: